The Green Card is Permanent Resident Status. It allows one to work in the United States with a valid Social Security number and can provide a Driver’s License. Over time, a permanent resident can become a U.S. citizen.
Those who receive Green Cards under the quota, fall into one of several classifications called by preference
Group I: Family Sponsored
Immediate Relative: Parents, spouses, minor, children of U.S. citizen.
Family First Preference: Unmarried people, 21 years of age or over, who have at least one U.S. Citizen. parent.
Family Second Preference: Green Card holder’s spouse and unmarried children of any age.
Family Third Preference: Married people, any age, who have at least one U.S. Citizen parent.
Family Fourth Preference: Sisters and brothers of U.S. Citizens.
Group II: Employment Based
First Preference: Priority Workers (persons of extraordinary ability)
Second Preference: Professionals with advanced degrees or of exceptional ability. This category DOES required Labor Certification EXCEPT where a waiver of this certification is applicable in the national interest.
Third Preference: Professionals, skilled and unskilled workers.
Fourth Preference: Special immigrants including religious workers.